SAGHBIN 
 
Saghbin is located in the West Bekaa, at 73 km from Lebanons capital Beirut and at 1100 meters from sea level. It is bordered from the south by the town of Bab Mareh, from North, by the town of Ain Zebdeh, from West by the Barouks mountain and from East by the Litani River. The road that leads from Chtaura to Saghbin passes by the villages of Kab Elias, Kefraya and Khorbet Qanafar, as for surrounding towns, one can cite Aitanit, Lalla, Baaloul, Qaroun and farther, Machghara and Jezzine situated next to the dam of Qaroun.
 
Covering a surface of 20 Km, the town of Saghbin is divided into two parts from its centre: the Upper Saghbin and the Lower Saghbin. Saghbins assimilation to the West Bekaa is not due to its geographical position at the west of the Bekaa, but rather to the wind that blows from the west on the town as of the beginning of June till the second week of August, and which refreshes the surrounding temperatures, establishing thus a clear contrast with the arid climate of the rest of the inland plateau. The construction of the Litani Lake had also contributed to this milder climate.

 
History:

There are many interpretations as to the origin of the name Saghbin. One considers that the origin is Aramean and that archeological vestiges were discovered consisting mainly of wells and oil and grapes presses. Another links it to the name of a tribe from the root Saghb which etymologically means appetite of life and ambition. Another source narrates that during the Ottoman period, one of the Walis of Hasbaya borrowed a substantial amount of money from Ali Jounblat to buy a land, he headed then to Istanbul and came back as the owner of an immense estate extending from present-day Syria to Safad in Palestine. In recognition, the Wali rewarded Ali Jounblat with the Bekaa West up to the hills of Jezzine and Saghbin was situated within the boarders of this area to which people started to emigrate from Hawran and other cities.

 
Economy:

The agriculture sector expanded significantly in Saghbin with the help of the Green Plan, the planning of the ministry of agriculture, which helped to build agriculture roads, modernize the tools and machineries and increased the output of the soils. Among the current major products, one can cite the seeds, vegetables, grapes, and apples.

 
Society and Culture:

Saghbin is characterized by a large number of schooled children and well balanced socio-cultural environment. While it has preserved its ancestral and rural traditions, Saghbin has also developed its social and commercial activities through the Club of Saghbin (1961), and the Saghbin Mawasem Association (1965) which holds during the summer an exhibition promoting the products of its soil and of neighboring villages: homemade preserves, wine, vinegar, honey, and other agrarian and handcrafted products. Such exhibition is more symbolic than commercial as products are mainly produced for home consumption during the winter, a food provision known here as mouneh, and only a small portion is sold. The Charity Association of Notre Dame (1981) has turned out the traditional and annual celebration of the Lady Mary into a 4 days long national festival, during which people meet and enjoy the beautiful times offered by Saghbin.
 
One may describe Saghbin as being the beating heart of West Bekaa where beauty of the nature and cultural wealth meet, in a lively scenery where springs and water lakes run in a magical stretch between mountains.